Born in 1870 in Simbersk, in the middle Volga, Vladimir Ilie Ulianov (said Lenin) was the third of six children. In 1887, his older brother Aleksandr, in a group of nihilistic students, participated in an attack on the Tzar. Discovered, he was arrested and executed. This tragic event left an enormous impression on the young Lenin, who became convinced that the anarchist path was not feasible to defeat Tsarism.
After graduating, Lenin began to study Russia’s economic problems and began to read the works of Marx and Engels. Convinced of the correctness of his ideas, he started to fight the populists and, after a brief stay in Switzerland (1895) where he contacted some exiles, among them Plekanov, returned to Russia, with the intention of giving life to the Russian Social Democratic Party . However, he was arrested and deported to Sibelia, where he stayed for three years.
In 1909, Lenin managed to leave the country, staying for five years in Western Europe. In 1903 the Social Democratic Party Russo held a congress in Brussels and the Lenin chain managed to impose itself, albeit by a small margin. Since then, this chain has come to be called Bolshevik (Bolsheviks in Russian means “too much”), while the opposing group has been called Menshevique (Menche means “too little”).
The bankruptcy of the 1905 Revolution forced Lenin to flee Russia again. But in 1917 he was the protagonist of the October Revolution. Elected president of the council of the people’s commissars, he carried out his battle against all opponents of the Revolution, although at one point he was forced to reintroduce the mechanisms of the market economy (The NEP, New Economic Policy). Falling ill in 1922, he died on January 21, 1924.